A study compares electronic cigarettes as a means to stop smoking.

A new study provides information on whether electronic cigarettes to quit smoking are effective.

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A new study may influence the discussion around electronic cigarettes, and whether they can be used effectively as a help to quit smoking. Researchers from New Zealand found that electronic cigarettes are just as effective as nicotine patches to help people in the study quit smoking. Published online September 8, 2013 in The Lancet, the study is the first to assess whether electronic cigarettes work as well as an established smoking cessation aid. The trial included 657 smokers who wanted to quit smoking. For 3 months, 289 of the participants received electronic cigarettes, 295 received nicotine patches, and 73 received placebo from electronic cigarettes, which contained no nicotine. The researchers then followed the participants for 3 more months to determine if they had stopped smoking. They found that 7.3% of those in the e-cigarette group had failed to quit, compared with 5.8% in the nicotine patch group and 4.1% in the placebo e-cigarette group . However, users of electronic cigarettes who did not quit smoking completely reported smoking fewer cigarettes at the end of the trial. The study authors interpret this as a positive result, because smoking damages are generally related to the number of cigarettes consumed, as well as the number of years of smoking. According to Thomas J. Glynn , PhD, director of cancer science and trends and international cancer control of the American Cancer Society, electronic cigarettes may one day become a useful tool to help people quit of smoking. But until the FDA regulates them and carries out more research, it says that users do not know for sure what they are inhaling or how much nicotine they are going to get. Hence the importance of acquiring verified quality products, not always cheap is best. It is worth nothing to save a few pesos in exchange for the tranquility of consuming a safe product.
More than 200 companies manufacturing different types of electronic cigarettes, as well as their quality and type vary considerably. According to Glynn, this year some of the major tobacco companies - including Lorillard, Philip Morris and RJ Reynolds - began to enter the e-cigar market. While it will take some time to accurately determine the effect this will have, Glynn and others believe that due to the long history of manufacturing companies, the quality of electronic cigarettes will improve. That could mean, for example, less pollutants and better administration of nicotine. However, there is concern that tobacco companies can also start marketing electronic cigarettes as a complementary product to, and not as a substitute for regular cigarettes. This could result in fewer people quitting smoking and instead the simple use of electronic cigarettes where and when they can not smoke a regular cigarette. The study authors at The Lancet recognize the need for rapid regulation Of electronic cigarettes and require more research to determine their long-term health effects.